Uveitis Services

Eye Specialist in Patiala

Uveitis refers generally to a range of conditions that cause inflammation of the middle layer of the eye, the uvea, and surrounding tissues. The uvea consists of the middle layer of pigmented vascular structures of the eye and includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. It can be painful and the eye generally turns red, and occasionally vision may be cloudy. The term uveitis is not only used to refer to an inflammation of the uvea, but to any part of the inside of the eye. It is not a single disease and has different causes. These diseases can slightly reduce vision or may well lead to severe vision loss. It can happen at all ages and primarily affects people between 20 ñ 60 years old. Uveitis can last for a short (acute) or a long (chronic) time.

  • Anterior uveitis Or iritis, affects the colored part of the eye, the iris. Iridocyclitis is similar, but it includes inflammation of the ciliary body.
  • Intermediate Uveitis it can be vitritis or pars planitis ; Vitritis is an inflammation of the jelly-like part of the eye - the vitreous cavity. An inflammation of the pars plana is called pars planitis.
  • Posterior Uveitis : An inflammation of the retina and choroid. Posterior refers to the back of the eye.
  • Pan-Uveitis : Refers to the inflammation in all layers of the uvea

Medical Alert : Uveitis is an ophthalmic emergency and requires a thorough examination by an ophthalmologist and urgent treatment to control the internal inflammation

Although it is unclear as to what precisely could lead to Uveitis despite its frequent occurrence in otherwise healthy people, however certain medical abnormalities are believed to be the contributing factors that increase the chances of it.

  • Juvenile arthritis, psoriasis and other autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis
  • nflammatory disorders, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis
  • AIDS/HIV and other diseases that weaken the human immune system
  • Bruises to the eye
  • Toxins that may penetrate the eye

A patient develops any of the symptoms in one or both eyes:

  • Severe redness in the eye
  • Ersistent pain
  • Floaters - which are dark floating spots in your vision
  • Abnormal light sensitivity
  • Blurred vision

Diagnosis of uveitis includes a thorough examination and the recording of the patient's complete medical history. Laboratory tests may be done to rule out an infection or an autoimmune disorder. A central nervous system evaluation will often be performed on patients with a subgroup of intermediate Uveitis.

The eye exams generally used, include:

  • Visual Acuity Test : To determine whether a patient's vision has decreased.
  • A Funduscopic Examination : to noninvasively inspect the back, inside part of the eye.
  • Ocular Pressure : To measures the pressure inside the eye.
  • A Slit Lamp Exam : Again a noninvasive technique that inspects much of the eye. A temporary dye called fluorescein, may be added to the eye during the examination.

This entirely depends on the type of Uveitis a patient carries. However the baseline remains to eliminate inflammation, alleviate pain, prevent further tissue damage, and restore any loss of vision. Upon diagnosis, if it is found to be a simple infection then Antibiotics or antiviral medication will be used. Also corticosteroid eye drops and injections around the eye or inside the eye may exclusively target the eye. In more severe cases involving both eyes, treatments such as immunosuppressive agents taken by mouth, may be used particularly in the back of eyes.

Without treatment, there is a risk of cataracts, glaucoma, band keratopathy, retinal edema or even permanent vision loss.

Our professionally competent team of doctors will counsel you thoroughly before drawing your treatment plan and with prompt and proper treatment and close monitoring, the chances of complications are significantly reduced.

Uveitis will typically go away within a few days with treatment. Uveitis that affects the back of the eye, or posterior uveitis, typically heals more slowly than uveitis that affects the front of the eye.

In all cases, stand assured that you have chosen the quality treatment at most affordable costs